A sentence i thought i would never read in my life - Imgur
The Link between Education Inequality and Residential
Education inequality is a social consequence of prejudice and discrimination in American society. Residential segregation can be linked to educational inequality. Residential segregation commonly takes place despite the Housing Act of 1968 which banned housing restrictions based on race, gender, and sexuality. The reason this Act is not being enforced as it should be is because the races who fall into the lower income brackets have no voice in a court of law.The reason that these individuals do not have a legal voice is because they cannot afford the court fees that would enable them to gain justice because of the decades of racial discrimination that they have suffered. Equal housing cannot take place in this country until the individuals who are being discriminated against gain a voice. While criminal courts offer public defenders free of charge to those being accused, there is no such position in the civil rights courts. Therefor, since the parents of the children cannot obtain housing in areas where there are quality schools, children are left to suffer with a staff of underpaid teachers, crowded classrooms, low school supplies, commonly shrinking arts programs, and outdated reading materials. How many children can thrive in an environment such as this? Few. A fair amount of the children who are housed in low income areas often do not graduate high school, placing them in minimum wage jobs which they will most likely never resurface. Those who do graduate rarely attend college because of parental financial restraint. So, America continues to pack low income “minority” groups into large polluted cities, while the races that are not being discriminated against continue to live in the suburbs where classrooms receive greater aid. A law is just a worthless piece of paper unless it is enforced and the civil rights movement is far from over.
Q:ROBOTS OR DINOSAURS?
A dinobot with three human pinkies coming of his face, similar to whiskers.
Prejudice is judging a group based on misconceptions. Being prejudice does not have to include action. Discrimination is when an individual acts upon the misconceptions that they have learned. Discrimination involves denying a group of something, like the right to vote because of the belief that the “minority group” is of inferior intelligence and so than can therefore not be trusted to make a proper decision. This falls under the social injustice theory of biological determinism, which holds that certain groups are inferior based on their genes. Oppression is the “systematic and pervasive mistreatment of people based on their membership to a certain group” (Segal, Gerdes, Steiner, pg.99) Oppression is built into systems and can detrimentally affect an individual’s chance to succeed. Institutional discrimination is when discrimination is built into a societies system of norms. For example it is no surprise to anyone that children in impoverished areas of large cities receive a lower standard of education than children in “middle class” suburban communities(Segal, Gerdes, Steiner, pg.99) . This occurs because property tax receipts fund the schools in which children attend. This system is flawed and needs revision. Instead, American’s accept this institutional discrimination as “the way things are” and often blame the victims.
The text defines social justice as fairness (Segal, Gerdes, Steiner, pg.97) and is deeply intertwined with the concept of human rights. This means the right to express ones religious beliefs, the right to vote, the right to work, the right to quality and equal education; the right to belong. Exclusion is a major variable in social justice because it is this that enables those who hold power to create a barrier between people. Social justice is the understanding that all people are the same and that all people deserve equal opportunities. The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights list the same principle: fairness to all individuals.
The US has allowed for free trade zones in Central America and they make great profit, paying the workers a minute fraction of what the items are sold for in the United States. Most of these workers are teenage girls and are deprived of the equalities of what a teenager in the United States enjoys, such as schooling, humane labor laws, and a future. “Who will accept the lowest wages? Who will accept the lowest benefits? Who will accept the lowest working conditions?” The US Agency for International Development has used 1 billion of tax payers’ money to make the free trade zones possible. A worker in El Salvador makes 17 cents for each 20 shirt she makes and yet the corporations that fund these establishments are gifted with reduced tariffs and pay no corporate taxes among a few of the benefits. The free trade zone workers have no social justice; they have no human rights. When workers try to organize to attain better working conditions they are fired, or worse. When we look at social justice we ask what is fair. Is it fair that an adolescent is forced to work behind a fence for 16 hours a day while girls of the same age in the US enjoy the right to an education? These corporations are treating these adolescents as slaves. They are denying them of the most basic of human rights. This is slavery of the modern age.
Jonathan Bennett; David Belle; Katharine Kean; Rudi Stern; Charles Kernighan
(Director). (1995). Zoned for slavery : the child behind the label [Motion
picture]. United States: Crowing Rooster Arts.
Guess What Vanilla Bean ? Black Americans Still Face Prejudice in Modern Day America
The 1920’s Jell-O ad demonstrates that there was racial inequality in America. Through analyzing the Jell-O ad and assessing the symbolic interactionalism and the conflict theory, I will attempt to prove why Black Americans still face prejudice in modern day America.
The Jell-O ad clearly shows that there was a racial divide between Blacks and Whites in the 1920’s. Some of the written literature at the bottom of the ad even states that Jell-O’s low price will sway, “the sinful, of any color, away from the neighbors melon patch.” According to symbolic interactionism, “prejudice and discrimination by race are the consequences of people defining race or ethnicity as real” rather than as cognitive constructs. Considering this argument’s relevancy today, it is difficult to find an individual who denies that race or ethnicity does not exist. Since common sense reveals that a majority of the American public holds that race does exist, according to the symbolic interactionalist theory, “racist ideas can be seen as a self-fulfilling prophecy.”
The Jell-O ad displays an eloquently dressed woman soaking up rays of sun whilst black children offer her a gift. The smallest child avoids eye contact, while the older child makes sure to keep distant from the white women seated on her porch. According to Karl Marx’s theory of racial inequality, “prejudice and discrimination are something that those in power [use to oppress those who are not].” Assuming Marx’s theory is correct, it is fact that Black Americans are one of the poorest minorities in America. Since poverty yields Black Americans little or no political power, they are at the mercy of those who are in power. Marx’s theory holds that racism and discrimination are a creation of the elite and are therefore used to create a class war between the middle and lower classes in order to distract the public from being able to realize that they have little or no human rights. It is my knowledge that the majority of the elite in modern day America are white and male.
In the end, both symbolic interactionalism and Karl Marx’s conflict theory suggest that racism and discrimination still exist from the time that the Jell-O ad appeared in the 1920’s media outlet. The interactionalist theory states that since racism is an illusion of the mind but exists regardless, means that a self-fulfilling prophecy of racism and hatred will continue. Additionally, Karl Marx’s conflict theory states that racism was a creation of the elite to begin a class war in order to sway the attention of the public from the wrongdoings of the rich and powerful. I believe this to be a natural phenomenon, not one which is discussed among some mighty small group behind closed doors. I feel that when one group obtains power it is natural for groups with lesser power to suffer. Today it is Black’s that face some of the lowest rates of poverty, suffer through the most poorly funded schools, and face discrimination in the workplace. Black American’s have little legal power to help gain the civil rights in which every human being should be granted. There is a cycle that must be broken, and it is only with knowledge and determination that this will occur.
"Conflict Theory Viewpoints." Lesson 3 Prejudice and Discrimination. Rachel
Ridnor, n.d. Web. 23 July 20
"Symbolic Interactionism." Lesson 3 Prejudice and Discrimination. Rachel Ridnor,
n.d. Web. 23 July 2013. <http://www.rachel.sector7studio.com/lesson_3/
Therapeutic Intervention: Chain Analysis and Solution Analysis
Marsha Linehan developed Dialectical Behavioral therapy to help patients who suffer from Borderline personality disorder, a condition in which patients regularly commit acts of self-harm, engage in dangerous behavior, and attempt and commit suicide attempts. BPD patients often have a history of childhood abuse followed by consistent invalidation of their feelings, making them feel as if their emotions are wrong or invalid (Dialectical behavioral therapy, 2002).
DBT is additionally being used in patients who suffer from substance abuse, eating disorders, Post Traumatic Stress disorder, and Anti-social personality disorder, major depressive disorder, domestic abuse victims, stalking offenders, and difficult to manage correctional populations (Tait, A., 1997). DBT combines attributes of cognitive behavioral therapy, supportive “check-in” phone calls by therapists and lastly, insight oriented treatment such as chain analysis and solution analysis; which I am choosing to focus on as my therapeutic intervention (Dialectical behavioral therapy, 2002). I speculate that chain analysis and solution analysis can be useful in treating the above populations as well, although no current data exists to confirm my hypothesis.
Dialectical synthesis attempts to promote change without invalidating the childhood experiences of the patients. “The therapist shows empathy and acknowledges their behavior while helping them to see why their behavior is no longer necessary” (Dialectical behavioral therapy, 2002). Patients learn about how they often falsely “read” other individuals actions and are taught mindfulness; “attending closely to present feelings without judgment or criticism” (Dialectical behavioral therapy, 2002).
“In a behavioral chain analysis, a specific instance of a behavior is assessed in great detail. The therapist starts by asking the client when the problem began (the precipitating event) and continues by assessing each link in the chain of events by getting detailed descriptions of the environment and client’s behavior, including the consequences (Linehan, 1993a). This moment by-moment assessment helps the therapist and client more clearly identify the causes and contingencies that are maintaining the problematic behavior” (Linehan, M. , Ward-Ciesielski, E. , & Neacsiu, A. ,2012).
The goal of the intervention is to discuss other ways to deal with the problem that is troubling the patient. As an example, a patient enters a therapy session and is suicidal. She has just found out that her husband has taken emergency custody of their children. Through solution and chain analysis, the therapist validates the client’s feelings of shame and anger while at the same time, pointing out that the husband is not being unreasonable. In this example, the goal is to teach the client that “suicide threats are not the solution and that they are the problem.”
Clients complete a “chain analysis” diary and then complete a “solution analysis” during their therapy session with the social worker (Dialectical behavioral therapy, 2002). The “chain analysis” consists of 11 areas that the client reports in his/her diary. The sections ask the client to “1) Describe the problem behavior 2) Describe the prompting event 3) What things in your environment made you feel vulnerable to the prompting event 4) Describe the links in the chain of events that hooked the prompting event to the problem behavior (ex. beliefs, bodily sensations) 5) What the consequences of the problem were 6) Describe more skillful solutions to the problem 7) Describe a prevention strategy for how you could have kept the chain from starting by reducing vulnerability to the chain 8) Describe a plan for solving the prompting event or keep it from happening again 9) Think of the harmful consequences of the problem behavior 10) Describe how you will amend the consequences of the problem behavior 11) Compose your deepest thoughts and feelings about the episode.”
DBT is the most effective treatment for Borderline personality disorder however, after an extensive search I could find no specific data on the effectiveness of the chain analysis intervention. Despite this fact, DBT has been “evaluated in both 1-year and 6-month treatment lengths in 10 randomized controlled trials conducted across 6 independent research teams” (Linehan, M. , Ward-Ciesielski, E. , & Neacsiu, A. ,2012). Compared to the clients who were receiving client centered therapy, clients receiving DBT had fewer suicide attempts, reduced suicidal behavior and improved social adjustment. Furthermore, CCT did not out-perform DBT in any assessment (Linehan, M. , Ward-Ciesielski, E. , & Neacsiu, A. ,2012).”
“Despite promising results, DBT has been criticized for having unclear mechanisms of change (Scheel, 2000) and for not having sufficient follow-up data to support its long-term effectiveness (Westen, 2000). The prestige of the university setting, experience of therapists, provision of supervision, and extensive training are also presented as potential confounds in studies of DBT (Scheel, 2000) (Linehan, M. , Ward-Ciesielski, E. , & Neacsiu, A. ,2012).”
Patients with BPD are often suicidal, reluctant to attend therapy sessions and have threatening and angry outbursts towards the interventionist. Patients generally have a history of past sexual and/ or physical abuse, and as adolescents have had their feeling consistently invalidated by many individuals in their lives. “The women have come to believe that their feelings are illegitimate, and that their feelings can be easily solved (Dialectical behavioral therapy, 2002).” Patients with BPD are hypersensitive to the reactions of others and distrust their own feelings, making them often act in an impulsive manner (Dialectical behavioral therapy, 2002). Therefore, when treating a patient with BPD, it is crucial to have a sound support network of colleagues so that one does not become fatigued and deny the patient of the help that he/she so desperately needs.
Dialectical behavior therapy. (2002). The Harvard Mental Health Letter / from Harvard Medical
School, 19(2), 1.
Linehan, M. , Ward-Ciesielski, E. , & Neacsiu, A. (2012). Emerging approaches to counseling
intervention: Dialectical behavior therapy. The Counseling Psychologist, 40(7), 1003-1032.
Marsha Linehan, Ph.D.: Treatment Developer, Project Chair Kathryn Korslund, Ph.D.: Project
Co-Chair Suzanne Witterholt, M.D. : Certification Chair. (n.d.). Instructions for Chain
Analysis Worksheet [Fact sheet]. Retrieved October 4, 2013, from DBT Certification and
Accreditation website: http://depts.washington.edu/brtc/dbtca/what-is-certification/ tool-
Tait, A. (1997). Treating borderline personality disorder. Journal of Psychosomatic Research,
"Aging in place"
"Aging in place" is one strategy that is proposed to address the number aging adults in the US and the cost and lack of access to residential care facilities.
Aging in place is being able to live in one’s home and community independently and safely regardless of their age. Because of the growing number of senior citizens and lack of nursing home care, aging in place is a proposed solution to address the cost of this population.
Although it may seem financially preferable, aging in place is problematic to some elders because they may exhibit difficulty with their motor functioning, fine motor functioning, and cognitive functioning. While many older adults would find it preferable to stay at home, for some it can pose a danger. Modifications to the home however, can limit dangerous outcomes of these disabilities. However, many Americans lack the resources to ensure a safe living environment for their loved one.
Grassroots activism can play a large role in ensuring that aging in place provides a comfortable environment for the older adult. For example, the PACE program established in the early 1970’s ensures that many older adults receive resources so that they can live happily and healthily in their own homes. The program provides physical therapy, nutrition counseling, prescription drugs, as well as many other programs.
Advocacy for older adults is paramount in creating a healthy community. Although we live primarily in an individualistic society, many American’s find it their duty to financially and/ or emotionally care for their aging loved one. In creating advocacy groups for aging adults, the community can join together to assist finding resources for our older generations.
Social workers can ensure that their clients are receiving sufficient services and make sure that they have proper resources. Neglect and isolation is a big issue in the aging adult community and it is important that resources are presented so that the client can live a fulfilling life. Family members can ensure that their older adult is being properly cared for and assist emotionally and financially whenever possible. Older adults themselves can make sure that they remain engaged in community activities.
The Meth Epidemic in Eureka, CA.
My name is Ashley Zeleznik and I am a meth addict with three days off that substance and am going to a 30 days treatment at Singing Tree this Monday. I feel that many anti-drug organizations focus primarily on prevention; to hang out with the “good kids”, or to “just say no.” In the purpose statement of many anti-drug use non-profits, prevention is key. I feel that for in order to help those who are addicted to methamphetamine, social stigma against addicts must slowly be brought to a halt. Communities should become aware of what it is like to go through the daily routine of a recovering addict, many of whom have histories of trauma or psychological disorders. This in turn, will create slow growing respect in the community for individuals who are in and out of recovery and open a level line of communication between both parties. Fear of the generic raging ‘meth head’ will come to stop, and open communication within the community can begin.